An Intrinsic Calculation For LSB Industries, Inc. (NYSE:LXU) Suggests It's 20% Undervalued

LSB Industries, Inc. -1.11%

LSB Industries, Inc.

LXU

8.01

-1.11%

Key Insights

  • LSB Industries' estimated fair value is US$11.03 based on 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity
  • LSB Industries' US$8.78 share price signals that it might be 20% undervalued
  • The US$9.53 analyst price target for LXU is 14% less than our estimate of fair value

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of LSB Industries, Inc. (NYSE:LXU) as an investment opportunity by estimating the company's future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. We will take advantage of the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model for this purpose. Believe it or not, it's not too difficult to follow, as you'll see from our example!

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for LSB Industries

The Model

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033
Levered FCF ($, Millions) -US$7.52m US$30.0m US$72.0m US$69.5m US$68.3m US$67.9m US$68.1m US$68.8m US$69.7m US$70.8m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x3 Analyst x2 Analyst x1 Est @ -3.47% Est @ -1.74% Est @ -0.53% Est @ 0.31% Est @ 0.91% Est @ 1.32% Est @ 1.61%
Present Value ($, Millions) Discounted @ 8.9% -US$6.9 US$25.3 US$55.7 US$49.3 US$44.5 US$40.6 US$37.4 US$34.7 US$32.2 US$30.1

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = US$343m

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 2.3%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 8.9%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2033 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = US$71m× (1 + 2.3%) ÷ (8.9%– 2.3%) = US$1.1b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= US$1.1b÷ ( 1 + 8.9%)10= US$462m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is US$805m. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of US$8.8, the company appears a touch undervalued at a 20% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

dcf
NYSE:LXU Discounted Cash Flow March 29th 2024

The Assumptions

We would point out that the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate and of course the actual cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at LSB Industries as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 8.9%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.446. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

SWOT Analysis for LSB Industries

Strength
  • Debt is well covered by cash flow.
Weakness
  • Earnings declined over the past year.
  • Interest payments on debt are not well covered.
Opportunity
  • Annual earnings are forecast to grow faster than the American market.
  • Trading below our estimate of fair value by more than 20%.
Threat
  • Annual revenue is expected to decline over the next 3 years.

Next Steps:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. Can we work out why the company is trading at a discount to intrinsic value? For LSB Industries, we've put together three additional factors you should assess:

  1. Risks: You should be aware of the 3 warning signs for LSB Industries (1 is significant!) we've uncovered before considering an investment in the company.
  2. Future Earnings: How does LXU's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the NYSE every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

Every question you ask will be answered
Scan the QR code to contact us
whatsapp
Also you can contact us via